Crypto Tax Rules in Peru Explained

Peruvian government building with cryptocurrency symbols

In Peru, the cryptocurrency landscape is evolving with legal and regulatory frameworks gradually taking shape. Despite the absence of specific regulations for crypto-assets, trading and transactions are permissible under certain conditions. This article delves into the intricate details of crypto tax rules in Peru, providing a comprehensive understanding of the current status and future prospects.

Key Takeaways

  • Crypto trading is legal in Peru, but most exchanges operate without specific regulatory oversight.
  • Bill No. 1042-2021-CR, aiming to regulate cryptoassets, faces opposition from financial regulators and is still under discussion.
  • Crypto profits are subject to income tax at a rate of 29.5% for companies, and capital gains tax applies to individuals.
  • Crypto transactions are exempt from VAT and Financial Transactions Tax in Peru, highlighting a favorable tax environment for crypto transfers.
  • The future of cryptocurrency in Peru includes potential initiatives like PeruCoin, although previous attempts have been marred by skepticism.

Overview of Cryptocurrency Regulation in Peru

Current Legal Status of Crypto

In Peru, the legal status of cryptocurrencies remains unregulated, creating a legal vacuum that allows for their use in the market. This absence of specific regulations means that cryptocurrencies are neither officially recognized as legal tender nor as financial instruments. However, transactions and ownership of cryptoassets are not prohibited, allowing individuals and businesses to engage in crypto-related activities under general legal frameworks.

Bill No. 1042-2021-CR and Its Implications

The Peruvian Parliament is currently deliberating on Bill No. 1042-2021-CR, which aims to establish a framework for the commercialization of cryptoassets. This bill, if passed, could significantly alter the regulatory landscape for cryptocurrencies in Peru. It faces opposition from various financial and capital market regulators, indicating a contentious path ahead.

Public Advertisement Restrictions

Peruvian law imposes restrictions on the public advertisement of financial assets and services. These restrictions are designed to protect consumers and maintain market integrity, but they also apply to the advertisement of cryptocurrencies. This regulatory approach seeks to prevent misleading promotions and ensure that all financial advertising is clear, truthful, and provides sufficient information to the public.

Taxation of Crypto Transactions in Peru

Capital Gains and Income Tax on Cryptoassets

In Peru, the transfer or sale of cryptoassets is treated as a capital gain, taxed at a rate of 29.5% when conducted by a Peruvian company. This classification aligns cryptoassets with intangible movable assets under the Peruvian Income Tax (IT) laws.

VAT and Financial Transactions Tax Exemptions

Crypto transactions are exempt from VAT and Financial Transactions Tax (FTT) in Peru. This is because the transfer of intangible assets like cryptoassets does not fall under the specific transactions levied by the Peruvian VAT law. Additionally, cryptoassets are typically transferred through digital wallets, which are not managed by financial institutions, thus evading FTT unless exchanged for cash.

International Taxation Considerations

Profits from crypto transactions are subject to taxation both domestically and internationally. This includes the taxation of profits from stocks and futures, highlighting the need for compliance with both local and international tax regulations.

Important: It is crucial for investors to understand the tax implications of their crypto transactions to avoid legal issues and ensure compliance with tax laws.

Crypto Exchange Platforms in Peru

Regulated vs Unregulated Activities

In Peru, while crypto trading is legal, most exchange platforms operate without specific regulatory oversight. This creates a legal vacuum where platforms can function, but with increased risk for both operators and users. The Peruvian Parliament is considering Bill No. 1042-2021-CR, which could introduce regulations for these activities.

Major Crypto Exchange Platforms

Several platforms such as Buda, Agente BTC, and Buenbit have established themselves in the Peruvian market. These platforms facilitate the buying, selling, and storage of cryptocurrencies. Notably, no local banks currently offer crypto services, highlighting a gap in traditional financial offerings.

Banking Relationships and Crypto Services

The absence of local banking support for cryptocurrencies underscores the challenges faced by exchange platforms in securing stable financial services. This situation complicates operations and affects the reliability of these platforms. Efforts to bridge this gap are crucial for the stability and growth of crypto services in Peru.

Anti-Money Laundering Measures for Crypto Exchanges

Current AML Regulations

The application of anti-money laundering (AML) rules to cryptocurrency exchanges is crucial for ensuring compliance and security within the financial ecosystem. Key AML requirements include ‘know your customer’ (KYC) rules, suspicious transaction reports (STRs), and the attachment of customer information to transactions, often referred to as ‘travel rules’. These measures are designed to link private keys with beneficial owners, particularly in centralized exchanges.

Proposed Enhancements

To strengthen AML measures, several enhancements are proposed, including the expansion of KYC procedures and the introduction of more stringent reporting requirements for suspicious activities. These enhancements aim to address the inadequacies of current AML rules from a tax perspective, where jurisdictions may struggle with compliance and the effective use of generated information.

Compliance Challenges

Despite the establishment of AML regulations, many jurisdictions face significant challenges in enforcing these rules effectively. The lack of direct access to STRs by tax administrations is a notable issue, with only a small percentage of tax administrations having direct access, leading to a heavy reliance on financial intelligence units. This situation underscores the need for improved mechanisms to ensure compliance and support tax authorities in their efforts to monitor and regulate cryptocurrency transactions.

Future of Cryptocurrency in Peru

Government and Private Sector Initiatives

The Peruvian government, alongside various private sector entities, is actively exploring the integration of cryptocurrencies into the national economy. Initiatives include educational programs, pilot projects, and partnerships with technology firms to enhance blockchain literacy and adoption.

Potential Impact of PeruCoin

Despite the initial excitement, the proposed PeruCoin has faced skepticism due to concerns over its legitimacy and implementation. The future impact of PeruCoin remains uncertain, with ongoing debates about its viability as a national digital currency.

Regulatory Outlook and Challenges

Peru’s regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies is still in its formative stages. The lack of clear regulations presents both opportunities and challenges for market participants. Stakeholders are encouraged to engage in dialogue with regulators to shape policies that support innovation while ensuring market stability.

Comparative Analysis with Other Latin American Countries

Crypto Regulations in Colombia

Colombia has shown a progressive stance towards cryptocurrency, focusing on integrating it into their financial system while ensuring robust regulatory frameworks. The country has implemented specific guidelines that facilitate crypto exchanges and trading, distinguishing itself from more restrictive jurisdictions.

Progressive Approaches in the Region

Latin America exhibits a diverse range of regulatory environments. Countries like Brazil and Argentina are leading in crypto adoption due to their more open and progressive policies. This has been crucial in areas facing economic challenges, where cryptocurrency acts as an alternative to unstable local currencies.

Lessons for Peru

Peru can learn from the experiences of these countries. Adopting a balanced approach that promotes innovation while ensuring financial security could position Peru as a leader in the regional crypto economy. The significant variation in crypto usage across the region provides valuable insights into how different strategies can be tailored to meet specific national needs.

Legal Considerations for Crypto Users in Peru

User Rights and Responsibilities

In Peru, while crypto trading is legal, the lack of specific regulations means that users must navigate a complex landscape. Users have the responsibility to ensure their activities comply with general financial laws, even in the absence of crypto-specific legislation. They should be aware of their rights to use cryptoassets as agreed upon in private contracts, provided these agreements do not contravene national laws.

Legal Vacuum and User Agreements

The current legal framework in Peru does not specifically address the use of cryptoassets, creating a legal vacuum. This ambiguity allows users to form their own agreements regarding the use of cryptocurrencies, as long as they adhere to the overarching Peruvian public order and regulations. This flexibility can be both a boon and a bane, depending on the clarity and fairness of the agreements formed.

Impact of Public Order and Regulations

Public order and imperative regulations in Peru indirectly influence crypto transactions. Although there is no direct prohibition on the use of cryptocurrencies, certain restrictions apply, particularly concerning the public advertisement of financial services. Users must be cautious and informed about these limitations to avoid legal repercussions.


In conclusion, while Peru has shown an openness to the crypto industry, the regulatory framework remains in its nascent stages. The Peruvian government is actively working on legislation, such as Bill No. 1042-2021-CR, to establish clearer guidelines for the commercialization and taxation of cryptoassets. Currently, profits from crypto transactions are subject to income tax, and specific transactions may also be subject to the Financial Transactions Tax (FTT) under certain conditions. As the landscape evolves, both investors and operators in the Peruvian crypto market must stay informed of the legal and tax implications to navigate this emerging sector effectively.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the current legal status of cryptocurrencies in Peru?

In Peru, cryptocurrency trading is legal, but most exchanges operate without specific regulation. The government is working on enhancing regulations, including introducing AML rules for crypto exchanges.

Are profits from crypto transactions taxable in Peru?

Yes, profits from crypto transactions, as well as from stocks and futures, are subject to taxation both domestically and internationally.

What is Bill No. 1042-2021-CR, and what are its implications?

Bill No. 1042-2021-CR, titled ‘Framework Law for the Commercialisation of Cryptoassets,’ is currently under discussion in the Peruvian Parliament. If enacted, it aims to regulate cryptoassets despite several objections from financial regulators.

Are there any VAT or financial transactions tax on crypto transactions in Peru?

The transfer of cryptoassets is not subject to VAT in Peru as they are considered intangible assets. Similarly, the Financial Transactions Tax does not apply to crypto transactions conducted through digital wallets.

What are the major crypto exchange platforms in Peru?

Major platforms include Buda, Agente BTC, and Buenbit, which allow the purchase, sale, and storage of various cryptocurrencies within Peruvian territory.

Is there any planned cryptocurrency initiative by the Peruvian government?

In 2018, Peru announced plans to issue a virtual currency called PeruCoin, valued at approximately $10 USD. However, the initiative has not progressed significantly, and many believe it to have been an investment scam.


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