Tax Rules for Crypto in Finland Explained

Finland’s approach to cryptocurrency taxation is unique and understanding its intricacies is essential for any crypto trader or miner. This article will delve into the Finnish tax rules for crypto transactions, including tax rates, exemptions, and methods for calculating taxes. We’ll also explore the implications of trading crypto for crypto, the deemed acquisition cost rule, and the importance of professional legal assistance.

Key Takeaways

  • Cryptocurrency profits in Finland are taxed at 30% below
    30,000 and 34% above, with crypto mining income taxed up to 44%.
  • The deemed acquisition cost rule in Finland ensures profits from volatile assets like cryptocurrencies never exceed 80% of the sales price, or 60% for assets held over 10 years.
  • Trading crypto for crypto in Finland is a capital gains tax event, requiring market value calculation in euros for tax purposes.
  • Finland’s tax authorities recommend declaring airdrop and staking rewards as capital income until further regulations are defined.
  • Divly partners with Nordic Law to offer specialized legal assistance for complex crypto tax matters, with discounts for Divly users.

Understanding Cryptocurrency Taxation in Finland

Cryptocurrency taxation in Finland is a structured process that requires understanding of various tax rates, exemptions, and methods of calculation. Here’s a brief overview of what you need to know:

Tax Rates for Crypto Transactions

In Finland, the tax rates for cryptocurrency transactions are tiered based on the total profit. Here’s a quick breakdown:

  • Profits below
    30,000: 30% tax rate
  • Profits above
    30,000: 34% tax rate

It’s important to note that these rates apply only if the total sales price of transactions exceeds

Income Tax on Crypto Mining

Crypto mining is considered a form of earned income in Finland, and as such, it is taxed at a rate of up to 44%. This is separate from the capital gains tax on the sale of mined cryptocurrencies.

Exemptions from Crypto Taxation

Not all crypto-related activities trigger a tax event. For instance:

  • Purchasing cryptocurrencies is not taxed
  • Transferring crypto between personal wallets and exchanges is tax-exempt

Moreover, Finland offers a unique deemed acquisition cost rule, which can significantly reduce taxable gains, especially for assets held over a long period.

Remember, staying informed and compliant with the local tax regulations is crucial to avoid any potential issues with the Finnish Tax Authority, which has been vigilant in uncovering unreported crypto gains.

Calculating Your Crypto Taxes

Understanding the nuances of cryptocurrency taxation is essential for every trader and investor in Finland. With the rise of digital currencies, tax authorities have developed specific guidelines to ensure compliance. Here’s how you can calculate your crypto taxes accurately.

The Free Calculation Method

Calculating your crypto taxes for free involves a meticulous process of tracking every transaction. Here’s a simplified approach:

  1. Find the market value for each cryptocurrency on the day the transaction took place.
  2. Subtract trading fees from the sales prices.
  3. Input all this data in the corresponding field.
  4. Repeat the process for each cryptocurrency transaction in 2023.

This method requires diligence and attention to detail to avoid any discrepancies that could lead to penalties.

Using Divly for Tax Calculations

For a more streamlined and efficient approach, consider using a crypto tax software like Divly. The process is straightforward:

  • Upload your transaction history or connect Divly to your exchange.
  • Divly automatically calculates gains, losses, and income.
  • Review the comprehensive overview of your portfolio.

Divly simplifies the complex task of tax reporting, ensuring that you stay compliant with Finnish tax regulations.

Deemed Acquisition Cost Method

The deemed acquisition cost method is an alternative way to calculate taxes on crypto sales. It allows for a standardized deduction of 20% or 40% from the selling price, depending on the holding period. This method can be beneficial for assets held for a long time or those with incomplete transaction records.

Remember, accurate record-keeping is the cornerstone of successful crypto tax calculation. Tools like Koinly can assist in maintaining detailed transaction logs, making tax season less daunting.

Navigating Capital Income Tax on Cryptocurrencies

In Finland, navigating the capital income tax on cryptocurrencies requires understanding the taxable events and how to report them. Most cryptocurrency transactions are taxable, and you should report any sales as capital gains. Here’s how to manage your crypto taxes effectively:

Important Dates for Tax Submission

Keep track of the following key dates for tax submission to avoid penalties:

  • April 30: Deadline for paper tax returns
  • May 31: Deadline for electronic tax returns

Offsetting Losses Against Gains

You can offset capital losses against gains in your tax reporting. If you incur a loss, it can be deducted from your capital gains to reduce your taxable income. Use the following method for calculating capital gains:

  1. Subtract the acquisition cost, including fees, from the sales price.
  2. Use the FIFO (First-in-First-out) method.

Airdrops and Staking Rewards

Income from airdrops and staking rewards is considered capital income and should be reported under "Other capital income". If you have related expenses, claim them under "Other deductions from capital income".

Remember, using cryptocurrency to purchase goods or services is treated the same as selling your cryptocurrency. The selling price is the euro value of the good or service.

The Impact of Trading Crypto for Crypto

Trading cryptocurrencies for one another is a common practice among investors. However, it’s crucial to understand the tax implications of these transactions. In Finland, trading crypto for crypto is considered a capital gains tax event, and it’s essential to calculate the market value in euros to determine any potential tax liability.

Capital Gains Tax Event

When you trade one cryptocurrency for another, it’s not just a simple exchange; it’s a taxable event. The Finnish tax authority requires you to calculate capital gains or losses at the time of the trade. This is based on the difference between the acquisition cost of the sold cryptocurrency and the market value of the cryptocurrency received.

Calculating Market Value in Euros

To comply with Finnish tax laws, you must convert the value of the traded cryptocurrencies into euros at the time of the transaction. This conversion is necessary to accurately report any gains or losses. Here’s a simplified example:

Crypto Sold Sale Price (€) Acquisition Cost (€) Trading Fee (€) Total Cost (€) Profit (€)
ETH 2,000 1,010 30 1,040 960

Remember to include trading fees in your calculations, as they contribute to the acquisition cost and are subject to capital gains tax.

Legal Precedents and Rulings

Legal precedents and rulings can provide guidance on how to handle crypto-to-crypto trades for tax purposes. It’s important to stay informed about any updates or changes in legislation that could affect your tax reporting. Consulting with a tax professional who specializes in cryptocurrency can be beneficial.

Compliance with tax laws is crucial to avoid penalties. Keeping accurate records of all transactions, including crypto-to-crypto trades, is essential for tax reporting.

  • Keep accurate records of all your transactions.
  • Convert the value of traded crypto to euros at the time of the transaction.
  • Include trading fees in your capital gains calculations.
  • Consult with a tax professional for complex situations.

Utilizing the Deemed Acquisition Cost Rule

When dealing with cryptocurrencies, the deemed acquisition cost rule can be a powerful tool in managing your tax liabilities. This rule allows for a simplified way to calculate capital gains or losses when certain conditions are met.

Benefits for Volatile Assets

Cryptocurrencies are known for their volatility. The deemed acquisition cost rule can be particularly advantageous for assets with less accessible pricing information or for those held for a longer period:

  • Less than 10 years: Deemed acquisition cost is 20% of the selling price.
  • 10 years or more: Deemed acquisition cost is 40% of the selling price.

This method ensures that you are not overtaxed on gains due to the inability to track down the exact purchase price or for smaller cryptocurrencies where pricing data is scarce.

Deductible Costs Calculation

Calculating deductible costs using the deemed acquisition cost rule simplifies the process. Here’s a structured example:

Holding Period Deemed Cost % Deductible Amount (€20,000 Sale)
< 10 years 20% €4,000
>= 10 years 40% €8,000

Please note, when applying this method, you cannot also deduct the actual purchase price or selling expenses.

Long-term Holding Advantages

Holding cryptocurrencies for the long term can yield significant tax benefits under this rule. For assets held for at least 10 years, the deemed acquisition cost doubles, providing a larger deductible and reducing taxable profits.

By strategically utilizing the deemed acquisition cost, investors can optimize their tax position, especially when dealing with assets that lack clear historical pricing data or have been held for extended periods.

Remember, while this rule can offer tax savings, it’s essential to maintain accurate records and understand all applicable tax obligations to ensure compliance.

Seeking Professional Assistance

Navigating the complex world of cryptocurrency taxation can be daunting for both new and experienced investors. As global regulations on crypto taxes are evolving, it’s crucial to stay compliant to avoid legal issues. The EU is introducing MiCA licensing, and the US is focusing on clarity, making it more important than ever to understand your obligations.

When to Consult a Crypto Tax Lawyer

Consulting with a crypto tax lawyer is advisable if you:

  • Encounter complex tax situations that are not easily resolved with software
  • Require specialized knowledge of both local and international tax laws
  • Need to ensure compliance with the latest regulatory changes

Partnership Benefits with Nordic Law

Partnering with a firm like Nordic Law can provide numerous benefits:

  • Access to experts who are well-versed in the intricacies of crypto taxation
  • Assistance with accurate reporting and compliance
  • Support in legal matters that may arise from crypto transactions

Legal Support for Complex Tax Matters

For those facing particularly complex tax situations, seeking legal support can be invaluable. Here are some reasons why:

  • Professional advice tailored to your specific financial situation
  • Help with using tools like TurboTax and crypto calculators for accurate reporting
  • Guidance on how to simplify taxes and ensure full compliance

It’s essential to consider the appropriateness of the information regarding your own objectives, financial situation, and needs, and to seek professional advice accordingly.


Navigating the tax landscape for cryptocurrencies in Finland can be complex, but understanding the rules is essential for compliance and optimizing tax liabilities. With a tax rate of 30% on profits below €30,000 and 34% above, alongside the unique deemed acquisition cost rule, Finnish crypto traders have clear guidelines to follow. The exemption of purchases and wallet transfers from taxation, as well as the potential to offset losses, provides some relief. It’s also important to stay informed about evolving regulations, such as those concerning airdrops. For those seeking additional support, tools like Divly and consultations with crypto tax lawyers can be invaluable. As the Finnish crypto tax framework continues to develop, staying informed and prepared is key to successfully navigating this digital financial landscape.

Frequently Asked Questions

How are cryptocurrencies taxed in Finland?

In Finland, cryptocurrency traders are taxed if their transactions’ total sales prices exceed €1000. The tax rate on cryptocurrencies is 30% for profits below €30,000 and 34% on the amount above this threshold. Income from crypto mining is subject to earned income tax of up to 44%.

Are there any exemptions from crypto taxation in Finland?

Cryptocurrency purchases are not taxed, nor is transferring crypto between your own wallets and exchanges. Additionally, the deemed acquisition cost rule allows you to limit your taxable profit to 80% of the sales price, or 60% if the asset has been held for more than 10 years.

What is the deemed acquisition cost rule in Finland?

The deemed acquisition cost rule in Finland allows you to deduct either the actual or a deemed acquisition cost from the selling price. The deemed cost is at least 20% of the sale price or 40% if the asset has been held for at least ten years, which is beneficial for volatile assets like cryptocurrencies.

How do I calculate my cryptocurrency taxes in Finland?

You can calculate your cryptocurrency taxes using the free calculation method or by using tax software like Divly. Divly simplifies the process and offers tools to accurately declare your crypto taxes in Finland.

What should I do about taxes when trading crypto for crypto in Finland?

Trading crypto for crypto is a capital gains tax event in Finland. You must pay capital income tax on the gains made, calculated using the market value of the bought cryptocurrency in euros at the time of the trade.

Can I get professional assistance for my crypto taxes in Finland?

Yes, for complex tax matters, you can consult with a crypto tax lawyer. Divly has partnered with Nordic Law, offering Divly users a 10% discount for crypto tax services provided by Nordic Law.


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